By Neil M. Borden MD
The 1st atlas to provide neurovascular info and photographs in line with catheter 3D rotational angiographic reviews. The dazzling 3D pictures are generally classified and juxtaposed with traditional second angiograms for orientation and comparability. Anatomical colour drawings and concise descriptions of the key intracranial vascular territories extra increase figuring out of the advanced cerebral vasculature. This atlas is an imperative reference for a person looking a fuller appreciation of intracranial and cervical anatomy and pathology, despite area of expertise.
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Additional resources for 3D Angiographic Atlas of Neurovascular Anatomy and Pathology
This reduces the overall volume of contrast needed to complete the angiographic exam, thereby reducing the potential for harmful effects of the radiographic contrast media. As a result of the advantages of 3DRA compared with traditional 2D imaging, we have the potential to improve patient care through the more accurate assessment of atherosclerotic vascular changes. This might alter and improve treatment options for these patients. In contrast to the added beneﬁts of 3DRA in assessing the common carotid artery bifurcation, this technique was found to be of limited beneﬁt in angiographic assessment during selective external carotid angiography for a variety of indications.
There are numerous congenital anomalies and developmental variations in the anatomy of the aortic arch and the branching of the great vessels. These are beyond the scope of this atlas. There are factors that limit the utility of three-dimensional rotational angiography (3DRA) in the imaging of the aortic arch. In order to achieve adequate opacification of the aortic arch and its vessels, an unacceptably large volume of contrast would have to be injected. In addition to this, the degree of cardiac/aortic pulsation during the 5-second injection and the acquisition of the 3DRA would create a large amount of motion artifact that would degrade the diagnostic quality of the angiographic images.
Boston: Little, Brown and Company, pp. 360–362. 2. E. Rosenbaum. 1974. The normal and anomalous aortic arch and brachiocephalic arteries. In Radiology of the Skull and Brain: Angiography Volume 2. H. G. Potts, editors. St. V. Mosby Company, pp. 1155, 1157, 1160. 35 3D ANGIOGRAPHIC ATLAS OF NEUROVASCULAR ANATOMY AND PATHOLOGY Fig. 1 (a,b) Left anterior oblique 2D (a) and 3D (b) aortic arch angiograms. The 2D angiogram shows a more complete visualization of the normal branches. The 3D angiogram is of limited quality and fails to adequately image the normal anatomy.
3D Angiographic Atlas of Neurovascular Anatomy and Pathology by Neil M. Borden MD