Read e-book online A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics, Sixth Edition PDF

By David Crystal(auth.), David Crystal(eds.)

ISBN-10: 1405152966

ISBN-13: 9781405152969

ISBN-10: 1444302779

ISBN-13: 9781444302776

David Crystal's A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics has lengthy been the normal single-volume reference for its box. Now to be had in its 6th version, it's been revised and up to date to mirror the newest phrases within the box.

  • Includes in way over 5,100 phrases, grouped into over 3,000 entries
  • Coverage displays thoughts via a crew of specialists in phonetics, phonology, syntax, semantics, sociolinguistics and psycholinguistics, making it exceedingly complete
  • Incorporates new principles stemming from the minimalist software
  • Contains a separate desk of abbreviations and desk of symbols, in addition to an up to date foreign Phonetic Alphabet
  • Updates entries to mirror the best way proven phrases are actually perceived in gentle of adjustments within the box, supplying a special perception into the old improvement of linguistics
  • Remains the normal single-volume reference for the sector of linguistics and phonetics.

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Additional info for A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics, Sixth Edition

Sample text

For example, root nodes are said to serve as ‘anchors’ for the features which define a segment, and a segment to which another segment associates is said to be its ‘anchor’. A unit which is not ‘anchored’ may be said to be floating. The term has a special application in prosodic morphology, in the context of the phonological analysis of reduplication, where anchoring (which supersedes alignment) is a constraint which places a structural restriction on the relation between the base (B) and the reduplicant (R): in R+B sequences, the initial element in R is identical to the initial element in B; and in B+R sequences, the final element in R is identical to the final element in B.

A term used in relational grammar for a class of relationchanging processes. g. a process converting an object to a subject. See also promotion (1). ) (A, adv, ADV) A term used in the grammatical classification of words to refer to a heterogeneous group of items whose most frequent function is to specify the mode of action of the verb. g. quickly, but cf. soon. g. A: When is she going? B: Now/Very soon/In five minutes/Next week/When the bell rings. g. very slowly, quite soon. The term adverbial is widely used as a general term which subsumes all five categories.

In this way, acoustic evidence is often referred to when one wants to support an analysis being made in articulatory or auditory phonetic terms. g. the need to calibrate measuring devices accurately), and which are often themselves open to multiple interpretations. Sometimes, indeed, acoustic and auditory analyses of a sound conflict – for example, in intonation studies, one may hear a speech melody as rising, whereas the acoustic facts show the 8 acquire fundamental frequency of the sound to be steady.

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A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics, Sixth Edition by David Crystal(auth.), David Crystal(eds.)


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