Download PDF by Francois Crouzet: A History of the European Economy, 1000-2000

By Francois Crouzet

ISBN-10: 0813920248

ISBN-13: 9780813920245

ISBN-10: 0813920256

ISBN-13: 9780813920252

Книга A background of the eu economic climate, 1000-2000 A historical past of the eu economic system, 1000-2000Книги Экономика Автор: Francois Crouzet Год издания: 2001 Формат: pdf Издат.:University of Virginia Press Страниц: 329 Размер: 2,4 ISBN: 0813920256 Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:Considering Europe as a complete instead of as a mosaic of person states, François Crouzet offers the following an obtainable, enticing historical past of the eu economic climate through the moment millennium. Stressing the typical financial associations shared through the years through the several areas of Europe and the networks of family members that experience associated them, Crouzet examines pan- eu alterations and integration instead of in basic terms the actual reports of person nations. A historical past of the ecu financial system, 1000-2000 is going past addressing the historic ramifications of alternate within the eu financial system to surround difficulties comparable to the diffusion of know-how, the migration of capital and hard work, diasporas and minorities, and nationwide range. by means of stressing the old origins of the force towards eu integration and its growth the entire approach to the delivery of the euro, Crouzet provides an unique and entire evaluation of ecu financial heritage.

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By the twelfth century, Poland had some large towns, like Kraków. The urban network that was thus set up —with a peak of new foundations in the twelfth century—was to last up to nineteenth-century industrialization; 93 percent of the European towns with more than 20,000 inhabitants in 1800 had been in existence by 1300. This proliferation of towns resulted from the revival of long-distance trade. It is not the case that the merchants who carried it on had been at first itinerants—peddlers on a larger scale—who went to procure goods where they were produced and carried them to where they would be sold, and who eventually settled where they had some permanent shelter and warehouse.

Princes granted land to their faithful warriors, whose estates were cultivated by slaves or bonded peasants in a situation reminiscent of western feudal society. Indeed, within two centuries (and mainly in the tenth), Christian Europe’s area doubled, and it expanded from the Elbe to the Volga, from the Danube to the polar circle, even though the material culture in this “new Europe” was lower than in the west. Moreover, western and central Europe were not to suffer any more invasions, particularly by nomads from central Asia, who were truly dangerous enemies.

27 New commercial techniques invented by Italian merchants are mentioned in chapter 2. Though many merchants traveled with their goods, by the thirteenth century most trading houses operated from one city and had agents and factors in other places. One of the intra-European trades was the export of salt and wine from the French Atlantic coast to England and Flanders (later to Germany and the Baltic as well); c. 28 A different trade developed in the North Sea and the Baltic following the integration into Christian Europe and development of large territories east of the Elbe.

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A History of the European Economy, 1000-2000 by Francois Crouzet

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