By Friedrich Nietzsche
R. J. Hollingdale’s choice constructions Nietzsche’s writings in line with topic to provide the fullest attainable feel of the intensity and scope of this impressive writer.
The literary profession of Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900) spanned under 20 years, yet no region of highbrow inquiry was once left untouched by way of his iconoclastic genius. The thinker who introduced the dying of God within the homosexual technological know-how (1882) and went directly to problem the Christian code of morality in past stable and Evil (1886), grappled with the elemental problems with the human in his personal severe autobiography, Ecce Homo (1888). so much infamous of all, might be, his concept of the triumphantly transgressive übermann (‘superman’) is constructed within the severe, but poetic phrases of therefore Spake Zarathustra (1883–92). even if addressing traditional Western philosophy or breaking new floor, Nietzsche greatly prolonged the limits of nineteenth-century proposal.
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Extra info for A Nietzsche Reader
Alterspection is existential. It is a turning away from the psyche and a life history to the alienating author-subject—an ego who emerges through the act of self-narration and constrains the identity of the embodied writer-self. The enactment of these three modes of reflection (psychological, temporal, and existential) blows open a psychic space in which we stand face-to-face with the ontological and rhetorical dimensions of our being-in-the-world. The reflexive encounter with these dimensions (self-knowing) and the concrete outcomes of this encounter (self-knowledge) generate a literary space in which we reconcile the ontological and rhetorical dimensions of the self.
For the autobiographer’s need to make sense out of her life requires her to forge connections and establish a sense of development through the stages of her existence. 56 36 The Philosopher’s “I” By privileging the Inner self wherein the self is the ontological ground of experience and the coordinator of mental states, Augustine invests his firstperson narrative with an atemporal and ahistorical presence. He engenders in his voice self-referential reason, reflection, retrospection, and self-awareness.
Describing our individual lives in language and framing our personal identity by text, we make ourselves into subjects of our histories. 24 The Ontological Self and the Rhetorical Self Several epistemological queries frame the search for the self within autobiography: Who is recounting the life ascribed to us? Who (and what) is the writer? What is the writer’s relationship to the text? What kind of subject is the narrator of the autobiographical account? Is the subject wholly literary, or does he Writing the Self 27 or she gain an ontological status through a connection to the writer?
A Nietzsche Reader by Friedrich Nietzsche