By Charles Seymour (auth.)
In A Theodicy of Hell Charles Seymour tackles the most tough difficulties dealing with the western theistic culture: to teach the consonance among everlasting punishment and the goodness of God. Medieval theology tried to unravel the obstacle via arguing that any sin, regardless of how mild, advantages endless torment. modern thinkers, nonetheless, are inclined to dispose of the retributive aspect from hell solely. Combining old breadth with designated argumentation, the writer develops a singular realizing of hell which avoids the extremes of either its conventional and sleek opponents. He then surveys the battery of objections ranged opposed to the potential of everlasting punishment and indicates how his `freedom view of hell' can face up to the assault. The paintings may be of specific significance for these drawn to philosophy of faith and theology, together with teachers, scholars, seminarians, clergy, and somebody else with a private wish to come to phrases with this perennially not easy doctrine.
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98, Art. 3, Thomas agrees with Augustine that the damned wish to escape hell, even to the extent of wishing for their own annihilation. " A Brief History of Hell 25 These three doctrines are part of what I have called the traditional Christian view of hell. There are others: the belief in a resurrection before judgment, the belief that eternity will be spent in a body, not as a disembodied soul, etc. But these three traits of hell are most important in the philosophical debate over hell. As we will see in the chapters to come, each of them forces us to ask whether hell is consistent with God's nature.
Another function of punishment is reformation. Plato believes that those who are not totally corrupt are punished temporarily as a way of purging them of their evil habits. They are then reincarnated and are given another chance at attaining virtue. Plato is therefore partially liberal; that is, he believes at least some souls are given a chance after death to mend their ways and escape eternal punishment. Obviously not all people hold liberal views of hell; there is no provision for afterdeath repentance in the Book of the Dead or in the Hymn to Demeter, and classical Christian thought explicitly states that the damned cannot repent.
These will be described below. 3. Bernstein 139. 4. Georges Minois, Histoire de [,Enfer (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1994) 10-12. 5. Minois 17. 6. C. J. Dillon, "Sheol," The Encyclopedic Dictionary of Religion, ed. Paul Kevin Meagher, Thomas C. O'Brien, and Sister Consuelo Maria Aherne (Washington, D. : Corpus Publications, 1979) 3288. 7. Minois 11. 8. Bernstein 33. 9. Homer, The Odyssey, trans. Robert Fitzgerald (New York: Vintage, 1990) 204. 10. Homer 204-205. A Brief History of Hell 33 11.
A Theodicy of Hell by Charles Seymour (auth.)