By Shirley A. Hill
In the context of starting to be variety, Shirley A. Hill examines the paintings mom and dad do in elevating their teenagers. in response to interviews and survey info, African American Children comprises blacks of varied social sessions in addition to a comparative pattern of whites. It covers significant parts of kid socialization: educating values, self-discipline innovations, gender socialization, racial socialization, prolonged households -- exhibiting how either race and sophistication make a distinction, and emphasizing styles that problem current examine that perspectives black households as a monolithic staff.
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Extra info for African American Children: Socialization and Development in Families
For example, the fertility o f slave w o m e n was highly valued in the southern agricultural economy, where child workers were needed but often scarce because o f high rates o f infant and childhood mortality. In addition to eventually becoming workers, black infants had an e c o n o m i c value at 28 AFRICAN AMERICAN C H I L D R E N birth. Franklin and M o s s ( 1 9 8 8 ) , w h o argue that slave breeding was c o m m o n and popular, quote one slave owner as boasting that every black baby "was worth two hundred dollars .
Although there was some cultural diversity among West Africans, the majority were from patriarchal and polygynous societies, where children were seen as a form o f wealth and w o m e n were highly esteemed for their childbearing and child-rearing abilities. T h e r e was a way in which these African traits meshed with American family characteristics and the labor demands o f slavery. For example, the fertility o f slave w o m e n was highly valued in the southern agricultural economy, where child workers were needed but often scarce because o f high rates o f infant and childhood mortality.
M y interviews included three single black fathers w h o were currently in their twenties, thus having grown up in the 1 9 7 0 s . All had spent at least part o f their childhood years in households headed by single mothers, and they had experienced many family hardships. T h e y felt that their mothers had w o r k e d hard to rear t h e m properly, yet they had trouble completing high school (two o f them never did) and none o f them had found a permanent place in the labor market. J a k e H o u s e r is a 2 8-year-old single biological father o f three children, although he freely claims to be father to the children o f several w o m e n he has lived with over the years.
African American Children: Socialization and Development in Families by Shirley A. Hill