By Arild Angelsen, David Kaimowitz
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This e-book has been constructed from a workshop on Technological switch in agriculture and tropical deforestation organised by means of the heart for foreign Forestry examine and held in Costa Rica in March, 1999. It explores how intensification of agriculture impacts tropical deforestation utilizing case experiences from diversified nation-states, utilizing varied agricultural items and applied sciences and in differing demographic events and industry stipulations. suggestions can also be given on destiny agricultural examine and extension efforts.
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Extra info for Agricultural Technologies and Tropical Deforestation
And de Janvry, A. (1995) Quantitative Development Policy Analysis. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. Stark, O. (1991) The Migration of Labour. Blackwell, Cambridge, Massachusetts. vp A4003:AMA:Angelsen:First Revise:13-Mar-01 13 March 2001 09:54:43 2 Color profile: Disabled Composite Default screen Transition from Alexander 3 Mather Deforestation to Reforestation in Europe The Transition from Deforestation to Reforestation in Europe 3 Alexander Mather 1. Introduction1 During the 19th and 20th centuries, many European countries underwent a ‘forest transition’.
Labour increases, farmers may use more land instead of labour, which implies greater deforestation. 5. Conclusions In this chapter, we have discussed how economic theory predicts that technological change will affect deforestation. We conclude that the impact will depend on: (i) the type of technical change; (ii) the presence of market imperfections; (iii) the extent to which farmers can substitute between factors; (iv) the way households balance work against leisure; (v) whether the technology affects the intensive or extensive production systems; (vi) how much people migrate in response to regional income differentials; and (vii) how steep the demand and supply curves for outputs and inputs are.
The technology may only apply to the lowlands because it can only be used in certain types of soils or requires good access to markets or other institutions, or for some similar reason. Introducing a technology like this shifts the lowland income curve upward, thus reducing upland population and deforestation. Creating attractive economic opportunities outside the uplands, either in agriculture or elsewhere, is therefore an important tool for securing forest conservation. Now consider a technological change that applies to upland regions, but not elsewhere.
Agricultural Technologies and Tropical Deforestation by Arild Angelsen, David Kaimowitz