By Geoffrey Hughes
This is often the single encyclopedia and social background of swearing and foul language within the English-speaking global. It covers many of the social dynamics that generate swearing, foul language, and insults within the complete variety of the English language. whereas the emphasis is on American and British English, the various significant worldwide forms, equivalent to Australian, Canadian, South African, and Caribbean English also are lined. A-Z entries hide the whole diversity of swearing and foul language in English, together with attention-grabbing info at the background and origins of every time period and the social context within which it chanced on expression. different types comprise blasphemy, obscenity, profanity, the categorization of ladies and races, and modal types, reminiscent of the ritual insults of Renaissance "flyting" and glossy "sounding" or "playing the dozens." Entries disguise the old measurement of the language, from Anglo-Saxon heroic oaths and the magnificent energy of medieval profanity, to the stern censorship of the Renaissance and the colourful, smooth language of the streets. Social components, equivalent to stereotyping, xenophobia, and the dynamics of ethnic slurs, in addition to age and gender transformations in swearing also are addressed, besides the most important taboo phrases and the advanced and altering nature of spiritual, sexual, and racial taboos.
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Additional resources for An Encyclopedia of Swearing: The Social History of Oaths, Profanity, Foul Language, And Ethnic Slurs in the English-speaking World
Bibliography Dampier, William. Dampier’s Voyages. Edited by John Masefield. London: Grant Philips, 1906. Hornadge, Bill. The Australian Slanguage. North Ryde, New South Wales: Cassell, 1980. Hughes, Robert. The Fatal Shore. New York: Knopf, 1987. Humphries, Barry. The Complete Barry McKenzie. London: Methuen, 1988. , et al. The Story of English. , 1986. , ed. The Australian National Dictionary. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1988. Thompson, Donald F. S. 37 (1935): 460–90. A. A Dictionary of Australian Colloquialisms.
It is a speculation that the consonants “b” and “f,” which are, respectively, bilabial plosives and bilabial fricatives, offer an effective vehicle for emotive release because of the physical release of air. As Otto Jespersen noted appositely of the others nearly a century ago: “Thus we have here a whole family of words with an initial d, allowing the speaker to begin as if he were going to say the prohibited word, and then turn off into more innocent channels” (1962, 229). See also: Flyting; Rhyme.
Many of the most commonly used modern terms start with the letters “b,” “d,” and “f,” found in bloody, blooming, blasted, bastard and bugger, damn, darn, devil and drat, frigging, footling, fart, fuck and its euphemistic variants. It is a speculation that the consonants “b” and “f,” which are, respectively, bilabial plosives and bilabial fricatives, offer an effective vehicle for emotive release because of the physical release of air. As Otto Jespersen noted appositely of the others nearly a century ago: “Thus we have here a whole family of words with an initial d, allowing the speaker to begin as if he were going to say the prohibited word, and then turn off into more innocent channels” (1962, 229).
An Encyclopedia of Swearing: The Social History of Oaths, Profanity, Foul Language, And Ethnic Slurs in the English-speaking World by Geoffrey Hughes