By Noah Lemos
Epistemology or the idea of information is among the cornerstones of analytic philosophy, and this ebook offers a transparent and obtainable creation to the topic. It discusses the various major theories of justification, together with foundationalism, coherentism, reliabilism, and advantage epistemology. different issues contain the Gettier challenge, internalism and externalism, skepticism, the matter of epistemic circularity, the matter of the criterion, a priori wisdom, and naturalized epistemology. meant basically for college kids taking a firstclass in epistemology, this lucid and well-written textual content may additionally offer a very good advent for somebody drawn to realizing extra approximately this crucial quarter of philosophy.
Part of the Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy sequence.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge
Even though h is evidence for i, h and j is not evidence for i. j defeats h as evidence for i. It is worth noting that defeaters can themselves be defeated. Again, consider the previous example. Suppose that along with your previous evidence, h and j, you also come to learn (k) 49 of the 50 people in the room who voted for the trade bill are Democrats and John voted for the trade bill. Even though h and j is not evidence for believing i, h and j and k is evidence for believing i. So, along with the concept of evidential defeat, we may add: D5 x defeats d as a defeater of evidence e for p ¼ Df.
Thus, even if I am having the sensory experience of a snowball in my hand, that evidence does not guarantee that there is a snowball in my hand. It is logically possible that I have that experience and there be no snowball in my hand. The term ‘‘nonconclusive evidence’’ can be misleading. To say that e is nonconclusive evidence for p is not to say that e does not make it reasonable for us to conclude that p. If, for example, I know that 95 of the 100 marbles are black, then it is reasonable for me to conclude, to believe or accept, that I will draw a black one.
It seems reasonable to believe that Smith knows on the basis of their testimony that the home team won. But suppose that one of his friends, Jones, caught up in an uncharacteristic yet pathetic urge to fit in, lies about watching the game. Jones says, ‘‘I watched the game. It was great. ’’ As a result, Smith’s grounds for believing that the home team won includes the falsehood that Jones watched the game and said the home 29 30 An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge team won. Still, this fact would not seem to prevent Smith from knowing that the home team won.
An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge by Noah Lemos