By The United States Army
"This handbook is designed to arrange the person soldier and small unit commander to behavior army operations for prolonged sessions of time below the main critical and ranging chilly climate weather conditions. The doctrine and strategies within the handbook are appropriate in any region that has chilly climate and snow with their accompanying operational difficulties. Troops correctly knowledgeable during this doctrine and those concepts could be capable of struggle; dwell; and circulate in any chilly climate quarter of the world."-From the creation.
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Additional info for Army Field Manual FM 31-70 (Basic Cold Weather Manual)
Basic Construction Principles. Basic principles for construction of all snow caves are as follows: (1) The tunnel entrance must give access to the lowest level of the chamber, which is the bottom of the pit where cooking is done and equipment is stored. (2) The snow cave must be high enough to provide comfortable sitting space. (3) The sleeping areas must be on a higher level than the highest point of the tunnel entrance so that the rising warm air will permit the men to sleep more comfortably.
Underwear and shirts should be changed at least twice weekly; however, if it is not possible to wash the clothing this often the clothing should be crumpled, shaken out, and aired for about 2 hours. 3-36. Cold Injury a. Frostbite. Frostbite is the freezing of some part of the body by exposure to temperatures below freezing. It is a constant hazard in operations performed at freezing temperatures, especially when the wind is strong. Usu- ally there is an uncomfortable sensation of coldness followed by numbness.
Fuels used in combat areas in the north are normally low temperature fuels which will flow freely. (2) Burning solid fuels. (a) Fuel should be fed a small amount at a time until the bed of coals is burning brightly. (b) Stove should not be allowed to overheat. (c) Oil or gasoline should not be poured on the fire. (d) Ashes should not be allowed to accumulate below the grate. (e) Clinkers should be removed to prevent grate from becoming blocked. 3-9. Heating of Semipermanent Tents With Tent Stove, Ml941 Stoves of this type normally are used to provide heat for the semipermanent, frame-type, sectional tent.
Army Field Manual FM 31-70 (Basic Cold Weather Manual) by The United States Army