By Sanford C. Goldberg
Sanford C. Goldberg provides a unique account of the speech act of statement. He defends the view that this sort of speech act is answerable to a constitutive norm--the norm of statement. The speculation that statement is answerable to a robustly epistemic norm is uniquely suited for clarify assertion's philosophical significance--its connections to different philosophically fascinating themes. those comprise themes in epistemology (testimony and testimonial wisdom; epistemic authority; disagreement), the philosophy of brain (belief; the speculation of psychological content), the philosophy of language (norms of language; the strategy of interpretation; the speculation of linguistic content), ethics (the ethics of trust; what we owe to one another as information-seeking creatures), and different issues which go beyond any subcategory (anonymity; belief; the department of epistemic exertions; Moorean paradoxicality). Goldberg goals to deliver out those connections with no assuming something in regards to the certain content material of assertion's norm, past relating to it as robustly epistemic. within the final component to the publication, in spite of the fact that, he proposes that we do top to determine the norm's epistemic commonplace as set in a context-sensitive type. After motivating this suggestion via entice Grice's Cooperative precept and spelling it out when it comes to what's collectively believed within the speech context, Goldberg concludes via noting how this kind of context-sensitivity should be made to sq. with assertion's philosophical significance.
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Extra resources for Assertion: On the Philosophical Significance of Assertoric Speech
By this I understand its relations to other philosophically interesting topics. These include topics in epistemology (testimony and testimonial knowledge; epistemic authority; disagreement), the philosophy of mind (belief; the theory of mental content), the philosophy of language (norms of language; the method of interpretation; the theory of linguistic content), ethics (the ethics of belief; what we owe to each other as information-seeking creatures); and other matters which transcend any subcategory (anonymity; trust; the division of epistemic labor; Moore-paradoxicality).
1 The Attitudinal Account The attitudinal account is well-placed to explain a good many of the previous features. It has no problem explaining the sincerity phenomenon; that is, how it is that making an assertion counts as manifesting one’s beliefs. The explanation would be this: to express a belief (in the Bach–Harnish model) is to R-intend that the hearer take one’s utterance as a reason to think that one has the belief in question. Assuming that sincerity involves having the attitudes one is representing oneself to others as having, sincerity in this intention would then be a matter of (among other things) having the belief in question.
An account of assertion ought to explain why it is that the performance of an assertoric speech act renders that act EC-susceptible. Relatedly, many writers describe assertions as involving the speaker’s representing herself as knowing, or at least having evidence for, what she has asserted. I will call this the conveyed self-representation implicit in assertion. That assertion conveys this sort of self-representation would explain why an appropriate reaction to an assertion is to query how the speaker knows or has proper evidence.
Assertion: On the Philosophical Significance of Assertoric Speech by Sanford C. Goldberg