By Susan Merrill Squier
There's a forgotten historical past to our present debates over reproductive expertise - one interweaving literature and technological know-how, profoundly gendered, full of offerings and struggles. We pay a cost once we settle for glossy reproductive know-how as a systematic step forward with no previous. infants in Bottles retrieves a few of that historical past by way of examining the literary and well known technological know-how writings of Julian Huxley, J.B.S. Haldane, Charlotte Haldane, Aldous Huxley, and Naomi Mitchison - writings that come with representations of reproductive know-how from infants in bottles to surrogate moms. it's to those photographs, fantasies, practices, and narratives of medical intervention in replica that we needs to glance if we wish to comprehend what acts of ideological development were performed, and are at the moment being played, within the identify of reproductive expertise. Susan Merrill Squier indicates how the creative development of reproductive expertise is helping to form our modern practices. Susan Merrill Squier is Julia Gregg Brill Professor in Women's reports and English on the Pennsylvania kingdom college, college Park. She is the writer of Virginia Woolf and London: The Sexual Politics of town, editor of girls Writers and the town: Essays in Feminist Literary feedback, and co-editor of fingers and the lady: battle, Gender, and Literary illustration.
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There's a forgotten background to our present debates over reproductive know-how - one interweaving literature and technological know-how, profoundly gendered, packed with offerings and struggles. We pay a value after we settle for glossy reproductive expertise as a systematic step forward with out a earlier. infants in Bottles retrieves a few of that heritage by way of examining the literary and renowned technological know-how writings of Julian Huxley, J.
Extra resources for Babies in bottles: twentieth-century visions of reproductive technology
Human reproductive technology in literature. I. Title. 4'61dc2094-10154 CIP British Cataloging-in-Publication information available Illustration 1 reproduced courtesy of Tony Bela, The Sunday Mail, Brisbane, Australia. Illustration 2 copyright © 1989 by the New York Times Company. Reproduced by permission. Illustration 4 reproduced by permission of The Putnam Publishing Group from Mutation by Robin Cook. Copyright © 1989 by Robin Cook. Illustration 9 reproduced from Test Tube Conception by Carl Moore and Ann Westmore (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1984).
It contained a lengthy, painstaking review of the issues raised by reproductive technologies including infertility treatments (AID, IVF, egg and embryo donation, and surrogacy); the wider uses of these techniques to prevent the transmission of hereditary diseases, for the purpose of gender identification including post-fertilization and pre-implantation gender identification, and for sex selection; the freezing and storage of human semen, eggs, and embryos; the scientific issues raised by such techniques (research on human embryos); possible fu- Page 21 ture developments in research (fertilization across species, the use of human embryos for drug testing, ectogenesis, the gestation of human embryos in other species, parthenogenesis, cloning, embryonic biopsy, nucleus substitution, and therapies to prevent genetic defects); and strategies for regulating both research and infertility services.
Illustration 4 reproduced by permission of The Putnam Publishing Group from Mutation by Robin Cook. Copyright © 1989 by Robin Cook. Illustration 9 reproduced from Test Tube Conception by Carl Moore and Ann Westmore (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1984). Copyright © 1983 by Carl Moore and Ann Westmore. To Gowen, Caitlin, and Toby Intrepid Travelers and to Howard, connoisseur of slime molds, bats, and the Wall Street Journal Page vii Contents Illustrations ix Preface and Acknowledgments xi Introduction: Reproductive Technology and Representation 1 one Babies in Bottles and Tissue-Culture Kings: The Role of Analogy in the Development of Reproductive Technology 24 two The Ectogenesis Debate and the Cyborg: Imaging the Pregnant Body 63 three Sex Selection, Intersexuality, and the Double Bind of Female Modernism 100 four Embryos Are Like Photographic Film: RTs and VTs in the Fiction of Aldous Huxley 133 Page viii five From Guinea Pigs to Clone Mums: Naomi Mitchison's Parables of Feminist Science 168 Notes 201 Index 251 Page ix Illustrations 1.
Babies in bottles: twentieth-century visions of reproductive technology by Susan Merrill Squier