By Ali Riaz
Bangladesh is a rustic of paradoxes. The 8th such a lot populous state of the realm, it has attracted enormous consciousness from the foreign media and western policy-makers in recent times, usually for the incorrect purposes: corruption, typical failures brought on by its precarious geographical position, and risky political occasions with a number of army coups, following its independence from Pakistan in 1971. Institutional corruption, becoming spiritual intolerance and Islamist militancy have mirrored the weak point of the country and undermined its skill. but the rustic has confirmed major financial strength and has accomplished successes in components reminiscent of woman schooling, inhabitants keep an eye on and mark downs in baby mortality. Ali Riaz the following examines the political techniques which engendered those paradoxical developments, bearing in mind the issues of democratization and the consequences this has had, and may proceed to have, within the wider South Asian zone. This finished and exact assessment of political and old advancements in Bangladesh considering 1971 will supply crucial analyzing for observers of Bangladesh and South Asia.
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Extra info for Bangladesh: A Political History since Independence
41 By the end of the eighteenth century, it was clear that scandals were no longer good for empire, and that scandals that could be 33 Copyright © The President and Fellows of Harvard College Scandal seen as a blot on the moral justiﬁcations of imperial activity had to be exorcised once and for all. In writing the history of the making of British empire, scandal thus occupies a key role. For empire to be both moral and secure, the principal scandals of Britain’s global engagements had to be ex- EXAM COPY EXAM COPY EXAM COPY EXAM COPY EXAM COPY EXAM COPY EXAM COPY punged from the imperial record, and then shifted inexorably onto the colonized subjects of empire.
He also charged Hastings with using a wide variety of contracts, from selling opium to provisioning the army, for reasons of patronage. And yet Hastings came to be known as the savior of empire in large part because his relations with the rulers of Awadh and Benares were driven by his assessed need to both protect the territorial gains of Clive and check the expansionist ambitions of the Marathas. In ﬁghting the Marathas, Hastings—like Clive before him—ran up huge debts, and clearly used a variety of irregular means to balance the budget.
Successive Company ofﬁcials returned from Madras with huge fortunes after only a few years, some returning to London with the promise of a regular salary for representing the nawab in political circles there. Presents were given by the nawab both to these 11 Copyright © The President and Fellows of Harvard College Scandal lobbyists, as a way to secure inﬂuence with the king, and more immediately to Company representatives, many of whom were senior Company servants, as a way to defer (and supposedly guarantee) repayment of debt.
Bangladesh: A Political History since Independence by Ali Riaz