By Michel Ter Hark (auth.)
Wittgenstein's aphoristic type holds nice appeal, but in addition a good risk: the reader is apt to glean an excessive amount of from a unmarried fragment and too little from the fragments as an entire. In my first confron tations with the Philosophical Investigations i used to be the sort of reader, and so, it became out, have been many of the writers on Wittgenstein's later philosophy. Wittgenstein's impressive skill to compile many elements of his proposal in a single fragment is absolutely exploited within the severe literature; yet not often any consciousness is paid to the relationship with different fragments, not to mention to the various hitherto unpublished manuscripts of which the Philosophical Investigations is the ultimate product. the results of this fragmentary and ahistorical method of Wittgenstein's later paintings is a number of contradictory interpretations. What Wittgenstein quite desired to say is still insufficiently transparent. evaluations also are strongly divided in regards to the worth of his paintings. a few authors were inspired via his aphorisms and rhetorical inquiries to brush aside the complete Cartesian culture or to halt new events in linguistics or psychology; others, exasperated, reject his philo sophy as anti-scientific conceptual conservatism. After consulting unpublished notebooks and manuscripts which Wittgenstein wrote among 1929 and 1951, I grew to become a really diverse reader. Wittgenstein became out to be one of those Leonardo da Vinci, who pursued a sort from which each signal of chisel ling, each test at development, have been effaced.
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Extra info for Beyond the Inner and the Outer: Wittgenstein’s Philosophy of Psychology
The best criticism of this tradition is found in Cavell (1979). e. the criterion that the meaning of 'rain' depends on what rain looks like, what it feels like: 'Whether a phenomenon is a symptom of the rain, experience teaches; what counts as a criterion of the rain is a maltgr Qf agr~~m~nt, of our determination. (Definition), (MS 115, p. 72). 2. Horizontal and verticallanguage-games The rejection of a psychologistic explanation of meaning leads Wittgenstein to undertake a logical description of the context of meaning.
And so 'conflict' and 'accord' would lose their meaning completely here. (MS 180a, pp. 72-73) 'Agreement' and 'contradiction' lose their meaning here; the paradox is not real but apparent and is based on a misunderstanding. Generally speaking, I think, the misunderstanding is based on a failure to recognize the internal relation between rule and action, between order and execution, or between pain and its expression. In the Philosophical Investigations Wittgenstein contests more and less explicitly the following external explanations of the relation between, among other things, rule and action.
On the contrary, commanding, asking, recounting, chatting are as much a part of our natural history as walking, eating, drinking, and playing (PI, § 25). They have 42 MICHEL TER HARK become a kind of second nature. But this does not alter the fact that certain concepts are more closely bound up with a way of life than others. Not surprisingly, Wittgenstein mentions the example of 'pain'. Is it possible to imagine that a legislator would abolish the notion of pain? The answer is: 'Certain concepts are so closely interwoven with the most fundamental ones in our way of life, that for that reason they are inviolable' (MS 169, p.
Beyond the Inner and the Outer: Wittgenstein’s Philosophy of Psychology by Michel Ter Hark (auth.)