By Janice Joseph
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Extra info for Black Youths, Delinquency, and Juvenile Justice
Education Although African Americans have made educational progress over the last several years, they still lag behind whites. 3 for white American males. 9 for white American males. 2 for their white counterparts. 8. % (U. S. Department of Commerce, 1993). S. Department of Commerce, 1991). 9%). There was little difference in the dropout rate between males and females. African-American college-bound students typically do not do as well on the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) as white Americans. In 1994 blacks scored 352 on the verbal portion of the SAT and 388 on the mathematical section for a combined score of 740.
Department of Commerce, 1992). This high illegitimacy rate, especially among teenagers, is attributable to several factors. Marriage and employment are closely linked; unemployment means fewer marriages, but not necessarily fewer children in the black community. Moreover, there is a "male marriageable pool index," which relates to the number of single men to single women. With the high number of black men incarcerated, unemployed, unemployable, and victims of drugs, homicide, and suicide, the ratio of young black females to males increases (Gibbs-Taylor, 1988).
They were overrepresented in all juvenile arrests for violent crimes, with 57% of all murder/manslaughter arrests; 46% of rape arrests; 63% of robbery arrests; and 42% of aggravated assaults arrests. Although black youths; only made up 26 % of all property crimes of persons under the age of 18, they were still overrepresented in property crime arrests with burglary (22%); larceny-theft (24%); motor vehicle theft (39%); and arson (15%). In 1992 for Part 11 of the Uniform Crime Reports, black 40 Black Youths, Delinquency, and Juvenile Justice youths were also overrepresented in all arrests, but some significant arrest rates that need noting include 74% of all gambling arrests, 47% of all drug violations arrests, 37 % of stolen property arrests, and 37 % for weapon violations (Federal Bureau of Investigation, 1993).
Black Youths, Delinquency, and Juvenile Justice by Janice Joseph