By Tom Ziemke (Editor), Jordan Zlatev (Editor), et al.
The 1st quantity of the two-volume set physique, Language and brain specializes in the concept that of embodiment, understood in such a lot common phrases as 'the physically foundation of phenomena resembling that means, brain, cognition and language'. the quantity deals a consultant, multi- and interdisciplinary state of the art selection of papers on embodiment and brings jointly a wide number of diverse views, from cognitive linguistics, cognitive technological know-how, philosophy, psychology, semiotics and synthetic intelligence. Being predicted as a reader of types in theoretical and empirical examine on embodiment, the e-book revolves round a number of middle concerns which have been addressed formerly, to a wide measure independently, in a number of disciplines. particularly the amount illustrates the range of notions of embodiment that has arisen in numerous disciplines over the past two decades, and addresses the query how those various interpretations relate to one another, i.e. are they varied features of or assorted views at the comparable phenomena, or do they really contradict one another? For this function, a number of points of cognition and language, similar to extraordinary adventure, notion, motion, conceptualization, communique, which means production, social interplay and tradition, are illuminated from the point of view of alternative theories of embodiment. The contributions are built-in via cross-connections among person authors' papers and during an introductory essay that identifies different strands of study, the primary concerns that they percentage, and the synergies that may be won from addressing embodiment from an interdisciplinary point of view.
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Extra info for Body, Language and Mind: Volume 1: Embodiment (Cognitive Linguistic Research 35.1)
Note the commonalities among these situations. In each case the body (both individual and social) is in peril. First, the well-being and continued successful functioning of the organism is at risk. Action must be undertaken to ensure the continued flourishing of the living, physical, individual body of the organism. To survive and flourish, the organism must make adjustments in its way of acting, both within its current environment and in its relations with other creatures. The child must be snatched from the imminent danger of the flames, the mathematicians desperately work to prevent their country from being overrun by the enemy, and the ants must find food and bring it back to the queen in order for the colony to survive.
Embodied cognition is not concerned with finding some allegedly perfect solution to a problem, but one that works well enough relative to the current situation. Embodied cognition is often social and carried out cooperatively by more than one individual organism. Note that the Pragmatists advance a radically different view of cognition than the one we are most familiar with from "classical" cognitive science, where it is assumed that cognition consists of the application of universal logical rules that govern the manipulation of "internal" mental symbols, symbols that are supposedly capable of representing states of affairs in the "external" world.
In the case of rotating the eye of the frog, Sperry performed a radical and destructive intervention that is outside the realm of "normal" Darwinian deviation - in other words, if this were to occur by natural selection such a frog would die quickly without passing on its genes. However, interventions which are less radical and perhaps more likely to occur in nature, such as cutting the optic nerve and destroying part of the optic tectum of a goldfish, result in a recovery of function in which the optic nerve axons regenerate to make a complete retinal map in the remaining part of the tectum (Gaze and Sharma 1970).
Body, Language and Mind: Volume 1: Embodiment (Cognitive Linguistic Research 35.1) by Tom Ziemke (Editor), Jordan Zlatev (Editor), et al.