Get Bounded Rationality and Policy Diffusion: Social Sector PDF

By Kurt Weyland

ISBN-10: 0691129746

ISBN-13: 9780691129747

ISBN-10: 0691134715

ISBN-13: 9780691134710

Why do very various nations frequently emulate an identical coverage version? years after Ronald Reagan's income-tax simplification of 1986, Brazil followed the same reform although it threatened to exacerbate source of revenue disparity and jeopardize nation sales. And Chile's pension privatization of the early Nineteen Eighties has unfold all through Latin the United States and past even if many negative nations that experience privatized their social safeguard structures, together with Bolivia and El Salvador, lack a few of the preconditions essential to achieve this successfully.

In an enormous step past traditional rational-choice money owed of coverage decision-making, this ebook demonstrates that bounded--not full--rationality drives the unfold of suggestions throughout nations. while looking options to household difficulties, decision-makers frequently examine international versions, occasionally promoted through improvement associations just like the international financial institution. yet, as Kurt Weyland argues, policymakers follow inferential shortcuts on the threat of distortions and biases. via an in-depth research of pension and future health reform in Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, El Salvador, and Peru, Weyland demonstrates that decision-makers are captivated via neat, daring, cognitively on hand types. And instead of completely assessing the prices and merits of exterior types, they draw excessively enterprise conclusions from restricted info and overextrapolate from spurts of luck or failure. symptoms of preliminary good fortune can hence set off an upsurge of coverage diffusion.

Show description

Read Online or Download Bounded Rationality and Policy Diffusion: Social Sector Reform in Latin America PDF

Similar non-us legal systems books

Download PDF by Kanishka Jayasuriya: Law, Capitalism and Power in Asia: The Rule of Law and Legal

A hard and provocative publication that contests the liberal assumption that the rule of thumb of legislations will cross hand in hand with a transition to market-based economies or even democracy in East Asia. utilizing case experiences from Hong Kong, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Taiwan, Japan and Vietnam, the authors argue that the rule of thumb of legislation is in reality prone to offer political elites with the capability heavily to regulate civil society.

Human Rights Watch World Report 2009 - download pdf or read online

Human Rights Watch is more and more well-known because the world’s chief in development a higher information for human rights. Their annual global document is the main probing overview of human rights advancements on hand wherever. Written in hassle-free, non-technical language, Human Rights Watch global file prioritizes occasions within the most influenced nations through the earlier 12 months.

African Democratization and Military Coups - download pdf or read online

Onwumechili presents an exhilarating viewpoint on African army coups and reminds us that democracy isn't synonymous exclusively with Western societies. He examines democracies in conventional Africa and exhibits how those socieites truly outlined and constrained the jobs of conventional African armies. From this historical past, Onwumechili makes readers savour that sleek African armies are deviant associations, without roots in conventional Africa.

Read e-book online Policy-Making and Diversity in Europe: Escape from Deadlock PDF

Policy-Making and variety in Europe examines the eu Union and its policy-making procedures. particularly, it asks how an establishment that's so riddled with veto issues manages to be such an lively coverage maker. H? ritier argues that the variety of actors' pursuits and the necessity for consensus in ecu associations may nearly unavoidably bring about impasse, have been it now not for the life of artistic casual recommendations and policy-making styles.

Extra resources for Bounded Rationality and Policy Diffusion: Social Sector Reform in Latin America

Example text

Thus, the initially gradual, but then rapid spread of reforms that is captured in the S-shaped curve of cumulative frequencies is observable in health care. Neighborhood effects have also been significant. For instance, Chile’s partial health privatization had an impact primarily on other Latin American countries, such as Argentina, Colombia, and Peru. Similarly, Colombia’s health reform affected its neighbor Peru, which also learned from Bolivian innovations. Thus, geographical proximity stimulates emulation efforts in health care.

To guarantee a reasonable standard of living in old age and forestall a stark income drop upon retirement, these benefits were calculated as a fixed percentage of a worker’s last few salaries. This predictability of benefits, combined with the PAYG financing scheme, meant that any resource shortfalls had to be covered by increased contributions from current workers. To enforce this intergenerational contract, the state mandated affiliation and monopolistically administered the pension system, mostly via more or less autonomous social security institutes.

As chapter 3 documents, my field research casts further doubt on the explanatory power of external pressures. Despite their seemingly impressive arsenal, the IFIs often do not exert effective influence. Problems of compliance are particularly pronounced when broad institutional issues are at stake; when reforms require parliamentary deliberation and approval; and when numerous sociopolitical forces can therefore gain access to decision making (Naı´m 1995; Nelson 1997; Pastor and Wise 1999). Under those circumstances, all of which apply to pension reform, IFI conditionality often carries little weight.

Download PDF sample

Bounded Rationality and Policy Diffusion: Social Sector Reform in Latin America by Kurt Weyland

by Paul

Rated 4.67 of 5 – based on 24 votes