By Shlomo Izre'el
Throughout the moment millenium BCE, Akkadian served because the lingua franca of the traditional close to East. an in depth physique of epistolographic texts written during this language used to be found at inform el-Amarna, the trendy identify for the traditional seat of presidency of the Egyptian Pharaoh Amenophis IV (Akhenaton). the vast majority of the Amarna letters have been despatched to Egypt by way of the rulers of Canaanite towns which, on the time, have been a part of the Egyptian empire. whereas the traditional language of correspondence was once nominally Akkadian, via the Amarna interval, i.e., the 14th century BCE, the Canaanite management had built one of those combined language. This language, or particularly, linguistic continuum comprising many sorts, was once established upon the lexicon of Akkadian, with critical structural interference from the scribes' fundamental languages, i.e., the spectrum of West Semitic dialects spoken in Canaan. because of this language touch, all degrees of the linguistic constitution have been affected, particularly within the domain names of syntax and morphology, making a marked similarity among this combined Canaano-Akkadian diplomatic language and the indigenous West Semitic Canaanite dialects. seeing that we don't own any massive written list of the Canaanite dialects ahead of the 1st millennium BCE, the Amarna letters from Canaan are our in simple terms resource of information concerning the linguistic constitution of the dialects spoken in Canaan within the moment millenium BCE. The Amarna letters yield linguistic, sociolinguistic and linguistic-cultural fabric that predates either Phoenician and Hebrew as we all know them from the written files of the 1st millenium BCE. The survey provided in LW/M, which sketches a concise version of the linguistic process embodied by way of this corpus, lays exact pressure at the interference among Akkadian and the West Semitic languages, which led to the Canaano-Akkadian combined languages and linguistic kinds.
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Extra resources for Canaano-Akkadian
Roma: Pontificium lnstitutum Biblicum. Hackett, JoAnn. 2004. Phoenician and Punic. In: Roger D. ). The Cambridge Encyclopaedia of the World's Ancient Languages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 365-385. Segert, Stanislav. 1976. A Grammar of Phoenician and Punic. Milnchen: Beck. Ugaritic Gordon, Cyrus H. 1965. Ugaritic Textbook. (Analecta Orientalia, 38). Roma: Pontifical Biblical Institute. Huehnergard, John. 1987. Ugaritic Vocabulary in Syllabic Transcription . ) Atlanta, Georgia: Scholars Press.
104: 17-24; Byblos) Inverse order in non-verbal interrogative sentences with an interrogative particle is marked: (284) yiltequ Jarru mimmi:ya u mimme: milkili ayyaka:m 3SGM+take+IMPFV king property+my CONJ property Milkilu where 'The king takes my property. 4. The Order of Attributive, Adverbial and Peripheral Constituents CANAANO-AKKADIAN 67 LW(M 82 string and of syntactically transformed strings. 2. Numerals usually stand before the counted noun. The numeral '1' may stand either before or after the counted noun.
From the mountain people are being redeemed for 30 (shekels of) silver, but from Pi'iya for 100 (shekels of) silver. ' Bibliography Canaano-Akkadlan LW/M82 79 CANAANO-AKKADIAN Gianto, Agustinus. 1990. Word Order Variation in the Akkadian of Byblos. ) Roma: Pontificio Istituto Biblico. Izre'el, Shlomo. 1978. The Gezer Letters of the El-Amama Archive- Linguistic Analysis. Israel Oriental Studies 8: 13-90. Izre'el, Shlomo. Forthcoming. Canaano-Akkadian: Some Methodological Requisites for the Study of the Amama Letters from Canaan.
Canaano-Akkadian by Shlomo Izre'el