By Siegfried Zabransky (auth.), Siegfried Zabransky (eds.)
Care for kids Born Small for Gestational Age is a accomplished instruction manual that serves to synthesize the vast contemporary literature within the quarter to supply a realistic source geared toward a variety of healthcare pros, together with obstetricians, midwives, neonatologists, and first care physicians. This complete instruction manual contains an in-depth survey of the prevention, prognosis, therapy and long term tracking of kids born small for gestational age, in addition to similar stipulations reminiscent of intrauterine development restrict, metabolic syndrome and kind 2 diabetes. also, the fast and long term psychiatric and social results of this are addressed.
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The mechanisms and regulation of placental amino acid transport to the human foetus. J Neuroendocrinol. 2008;20:419-426. Jansson T. Amino acid transporters in the human placenta. Pediatr Res. 2001;49:141-147. Cetin I, de Santis MS, Taricco E, et al. Maternal and fetal amino acid concentrations in normal pregnancies and in pregnancies with gestational diabetes mellitus. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005;192:610-617. Bröer S. Adaptation of plasma membrane amino acid transport mechanisms to physiological demands.
1977;155:1197. Hadlock FP, Deter RL, Harrist RB, et al. A date-independent predictor of uterine growth retardation: femur length/abdominal circumference ratios. Am J Roentgenol. 1983;141:979. Mendez H. Introduction to the study of pre- and postnatal growth in humans: a review. Am J Med Genet. 1985;20:63. " - - ' 0 3 ( & 4 5"5 * 0 / " - "( & 19 Resnik, R. Fetal growth restriction: evaluation and management. UpToDate Clinical Reference Library. Wolters Kluwer Health website. com/contents/fetal-growth-restriction-evaluation-and-management.
The placenta therefore is less efficient during chronic hypoxia [36,42]. During this time, the placenta extracts more glucose from the maternal blood because aerobic glycolysis, a major oxygen consumer, is switched to anaerobic glycolysis at the cost of glucose. The result is placental energy production by generation of lactate and decreased placental mitochondrial oxygen consumption. Concurrently, GLUT1 expression  and glucose transfer to the fetus are decreased, resulting in relative fetal hypoglycemia and downregulation of cellular proliferation.
Caring for Children Born Small for Gestational Age by Siegfried Zabransky (auth.), Siegfried Zabransky (eds.)