Cave Exploration in Slovenia: Discovering Over 350 New Caves by Martin Knez, Tadej Slabe PDF

By Martin Knez, Tadej Slabe

ISBN-10: 3319212028

ISBN-13: 9783319212029

ISBN-10: 3319212036

ISBN-13: 9783319212036

This ebook specializes in the hole and exploration of greater than 350 formerly undiscovered caves of the Slovenian Karst, came across in the course of toll road development paintings. The summarizes the making plans of site visitors roads and offers the recent findings got in the course of development, in addition to stories on newly-discovered karst phenomena and karst waters and their protection.

Earthmoving paintings in the course of development has printed a cross-section of the outside of the Classical Karst, lined karst with well-known underground stone forests and special karst in breccia. examine carried out in those caves has yielded a couple of new findings on how the karst floor and underground have been shaped, at the circulation of water via karst aquifers, and at the evolution of karst on a variety of varieties of rock and less than numerous stipulations. The paintings used to be written via researchers from the ZRC SAZU Karst examine Institute and the Institute of Geology AS CR. The reader will enjoy the authors’ collaboration with planners and developers, which bargains important insights for the making plans and execution in their personal actions in karst regions.

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Additional resources for Cave Exploration in Slovenia: Discovering Over 350 New Caves During Motorway Construction on Classical Karst

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1007/978-3-319-21203-6_3 31 32 3 Unroofed Caves Near Kozina and Their Identification Fig. 1 Unroofed caves at Kozina (Photo Alma Bavdek) soil- and alluvium-covered dolines, we discovered vertical shafts draining the water from the permeable surface, but their openings were small and the shafts could not be entered. 1 Unroofed Caves and the Karst Surface The karst surface along the motorway route between Kozina and Klanec has a notably diverse geological structure. The road runs relatively transversely over different lithological and stratigraphic belts of Cretaceous and Palaeogene carbonates and Eocene non-carbonates.

Besides the palaeo-karst, these caves provide the oldest traces of karst development in this area. The caves which were discovered during construction gave us new insights about the cavernosity of the Karst and its development. 1 Karst Surface and Karstification The route runs through alveolinid-nummulitid limestone and, to a smaller extent, flysch rock. It crosses several thrusting deformations between carbonate rock and Eocene flysch. After Eocene flysch had been deposited in the Pyrenean phase, the rock underwent NW–SE folding.

The passages are characterized by sections that are alternatingly filled by loam or rubble. It appears that some of the newly discovered and relatively large old caves, either void or filled up by fine-grained sediments or rubble, which are located in the western part of the motorway route actually make up a large-scale lateral and vertical cave system which was gradually unearthed during the motorway route construction, seeing as the route cut right into the slightly undulating karst surface. The surface runoff is drained into the underground by shafts and fissures.

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Cave Exploration in Slovenia: Discovering Over 350 New Caves During Motorway Construction on Classical Karst by Martin Knez, Tadej Slabe

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