By Gerald P. Mallon, Peg McCartt Hess
This updated and complete source by way of leaders in baby welfare is the 1st e-book to mirror the effect of the Adoption and secure households Act (ASFA) of 1997. The textual content serves as a single-source reference for a big selection of execs who paintings in young ones, adolescence, and family members companies within the United States-policymakers, social employees, psychologists, educators, legal professionals, guardians advert litem, and relations court docket judges& mdash;and as a textual content for college kids of kid welfare perform and policy.Features contain: * geared up round ASFA's guiding ideas of future health, defense, and permanency * specialise in evidence-based "best practices" * Case examples built-in all through * First publication to incorporate facts from the 1st around of nationwide baby and kinfolk carrier ReviewsTopics mentioned contain the newest on prevention of kid abuse and forget and baby protecting companies; hazard and resilience in baby improvement; enticing households; connecting households with public and group assets; health and wellbeing and psychological overall healthiness care wishes of kids and teenagers; family violence; substance abuse within the kinfolk; kinfolk renovation providers; relations help prone and the combination of family-centered practices in baby welfare; homosexual and lesbian kids and their households; childrens with disabilities; and runaway and homeless early life. The individuals additionally discover concerns concerning foster care and adoption, together with a spotlight on permanency making plans for kids and adolescence and the necessity to supply companies which are individualized and culturally and spiritually aware of consumers. A assessment of salient systemic matters within the box of youngsters, formative years, and kinfolk providers completes this assortment.
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This had not been the case in colonial America; hence, reformers during this later period sought to reestablish differences in the care of these two groups of children. Under English Common Law, children over the age of seven who committed criminal offenses were treated the same as adults and subjected to harsh, cruel punishments, such as whipping, mutilation, banishment, and even death. The early American colonies adopted very similar procedures and continued to use various forms of corporal punishment for children until the concept of confinement was introduced in the eighteenth century.
The scope and level of juvenile court activities also increased considerably during this period, in spite of the concerns expressed by some immigrant and minority groups about excessive state intervention in their children’s lives. By 1919, all but three states had passed juvenile court legislation, and the jurisdiction of the court had been extended in many locations (Abbott 1938). Also related to increased court intervention in family life were the expansion of court services, the assignment of the work of the courts to specialists trained in social investigation, the establishment of the first court clinic in Chicago in 1909 by psychologist William Healy, and the initiation of the child guidance movement a few years later with the founding of the Judge Baker Clinic in Boston.
Almshouses or poorhouses, institutions established and administered by pubic authorities in large urban areas for the care of destitute children and adults; and 4. Indenture, a plan for apprenticing children to households where they would be cared for and taught a trade, in return for which they owed loyalty, obedience, and labor until the costs of their rearing had been worked off. In addition to these provisions under the public authorities, dependent children were cared for by a range of informal provisions arranged through relatives, neighbors, or church officials.
Child Welfare for the 21st Century: A Handbook of Practices, Policies, & Programs by Gerald P. Mallon, Peg McCartt Hess