By Heidi Morrison
This e-book examines the differences of Egyptian childhoods that happened throughout gender, classification, and rural/urban divides. It additionally questions the function of nostalgia and illustration of adolescence in illuminating key underlying political, social, and cultural advancements in Egypt.
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Extra resources for Childhood and Colonial Modernity in Egypt
Intellectuals, such as Rifa–a Raﬁ– al-Tahtawi, Jamal al-Din al-Afghani, Muhammad –Abduh, Muhammad Rashid Rida, and –Abdallah al-Nadim, claimed that European child-rearing practices had precedents in Islamic heritage. 55 Other intellectuals, such as Qasim Amin, Muhammad Husayn Haykal, Taha Husayn, Salamah Musa, and –Abbas al-–Aqqad, claimed that the new Egyptian ideas about childhood adopted from Europe derived from a pharaonic, Mediterranean, and Arab past. This past was neither purely secular nor purely Islamic.
Two examples of good moral behavior, according to Tahtawi, are modesty and hard work. 73 As Tahtawi writes, “Man was created in order to develop the world 40 Childhood and Colonial Modernity in Egypt and this responsibility is completed by propagating man and continuing his offspring. This is done by having children . . ”74 Similar to Tahtawi, Afghani says that teaching morals to children is important for the good of society as a whole. 77 Nadim pinpoints teaching children the basic behavior necessary for creating popular sovereignty and justice in Egypt.
6 These historians fall short of acknowledging that in the same era Egyptian children also footed the bill of Europe’s industrial wealth. It was not until the 1952 Revolutionary government of Nasser that the structure of the Egyptian economic system changed; that is, redistribution of land and adoption of import-substitution, and the patterns of child labor really began to change. In Egypt’s rental system, the tenant family used their children for labor. If the family did not hire outside labor, then they only paid land usage (which cost between half and four-ﬁfths of the crop).
Childhood and Colonial Modernity in Egypt by Heidi Morrison