By Loring M. Danforth
Marshalling archival files, oral histories, and ethnographic fieldwork, the authors research the evacuation approach, the political clash surrounding it, the children’s upbringing, and their fates as adults bring to a halt from their mom and dad and their native land. additionally they provide voice to seven refugee young children who poignantly recount their youth studies and heroic efforts to build new lives in diaspora groups during the international. A much-needed corrective to prior ancient bills, Children of the Greek Civil War can be a looking out exam of the iconic results of displacement at the lives of refugee children.
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Additional resources for Children of the Greek Civil War : refugees and the politics of memory
Over 140,000 refugees left Greece and went into exile in Eastern Europe, many of them never to return (Close 1995, 219). With that the Greek Civil War came to a bitter end. Although the military conﬂict itself was over, the traumatic impact of the Civil War continued to polarize Greek society for decades. Until 1963, Greece was ruled by a succession of right-wing governments whose anticommunist policies led to the persecution of a whole generation of leftists. People needed to obtain “certiﬁcates of loyalty” in order to enter universities, obtain civil service jobs, or be issued passports (Voglis 2002, 62).
We spoke with people who had been taken by force to Albania when the whole village was evacuated at the end of the war, people who had been mobilized against their will to serve with the communist forces, and people who had been evacuated to Eastern Europe with the permission of their parents. We only learned about one person, however, who as a child had been evacuated by force during the organized evacuation program conducted by the Greek Communist Party. What was going on? Why were we unable to ﬁnd more people who as children had been evacuated from their villages to Eastern Europe against the will of their parents, when our critics claimed that the paidomazoma (literally in Greek “the gathering of children”) had been an organized campaign of mass kidnapping carried out by the Greek Communist Party?
Eight children and an adult woman standing in front of a bunker built to protect the residents of their village from the bombing raids of the Greek Air Force. Photograph courtesy of Mara Kuzman Georgievska. guistic, religious, and cultural diversity. In the nineteenth century the inhabitants of the geographical region known as Macedonia included Albanian-speaking Muslims and Christians, Slavic-speaking Muslims and Christians, Greek-speaking Christians, Turkish-speaking Muslims, Aromani (Vlahs), Jews, and Roma (Gypsies).
Children of the Greek Civil War : refugees and the politics of memory by Loring M. Danforth