By Helena K. Rene
In the course of China's Cultural Revolution, Chairman Mao Zedong's "rustication application" resettled 17 million city youths, often called "sent downs," to the nation-state for guide hard work and socialist reeducation. This publication, the main accomplished research of this system to be released in both English or chinese language to this point, examines the mechanisms and dynamics of country craft in China, from the rustication program's inception in 1968 to its authentic termination in 1980 and real crowning glory within the 1990s.
Rustication, within the ideology of Mao's peasant-based revolution, shaped a severe part of the Cultural Revolution's greater assault on bureaucrats, capitalists, the intelligentsia, and "degenerative" city existence. This ebook assesses the program's origins, improvement, association, implementation, functionality, and public administrative results. It was once the defining event for lots of chinese language born among 1949 and 1962, and plenty of of China's modern leaders went throughout the rustication program.
The writer explains the lasting effect of the rustication application on China's modern administrative tradition, for instance, exhibiting how and why forms endured or even grew enhanced in the course of the wrenching chaos of the Cultural Revolution. She additionally makes a speciality of the exact problems lady sent-downs confronted by way of paintings, pressures to marry neighborhood peasants, and sexual harassment, predation, and violence. The author's mom and dad have been either despatched downs, and he or she used to be in a position to interview over fifty former despatched downs from round the state, whatever by no means formerly comprehensive.
China's Sent-Down Generation demonstrates the rustication program's profound long term results for China's forms, for the unfold of corruption, and for the households traumatized through this authoritarian social scan. The publication will entice lecturers, graduate and undergraduate scholars in public management and China reviews courses, and people who have an interest in China's Cultural Revolution period.
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Additional info for China’s Sent-Down Generation: Public Administration and the Legacies of Mao’s Rustication Program
The Great Leap 32 Chapter 2 Forward ended in an unprecedented disaster and left the CCP organization in shambles, particularly in the countryside where the administrative bureaucracy had been superseded by the local communes. By 1960 the party cadres were demoralized as the Chinese people lay dying of starvation and disease throughout much of the nation. China’s political and economic chaos further impelled public administrative rationality, reorganization, and centralized planning and control.
Eventually, its power position becomes “overtowering” as “the ‘political master’ ﬁnds himself in the position of the ‘dilettante’ who stands opposite the ‘expert,’ facing the trained ofﬁcial who stands within the management of administration” (Weber 1958, 232). Administering Economic Development 21 Meisner’s analysis of the First Five- Year Plan leaves no doubt that it promoted Weberian-style bureaucratization. A review of his detailed analysis is unnecessary. ” “‘Rationalize,’ ‘systematize,’ and ‘regularize’ were the slogans of the day and they reﬂected .
Moreover, bureaucratization strongly enhanced control over the population for communist China had become an “intensely bureaucratic managerial state” in which “political authority penetrated all levels of the life of the people” (Yan and Gao 1996, 2). As Mar- Administering Economic Development 23 tin Whyte observed, “For urban residents, then, access to housing, jobs, food and clothing, and even aid in dealing with family problems or approval for having more children require[d] that they confront the bureaucratic structures the Chinese Communists introduced” (Whyte 1980, 126).
China’s Sent-Down Generation: Public Administration and the Legacies of Mao’s Rustication Program by Helena K. Rene