By Thomas G. Rawski, Lillian M. Li
The essays assembled right here symbolize a turning element within the research of chinese language monetary background. prior paintings has emphasised the institutional and social bases of monetary switch. those experiences holiday new flooring, bringing Western financial idea to the learn of China's financial system because the 17th century.
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Additional info for Chinese History in Economic Perspective (Studies on China)
Laurence Laughlin, The History of Bimetallism in the United States (New York, 1897), p. 125. ― 62 ― good part was hoarded in safes or underground or used for jewelry by the well-to-do. Therefore, other components of money as well as the velocity of circulation should, if possible, be taken into consideration when specific periods are examined. Climatic conditions significantly affect the state of harvest and food supply. Various empirical studies show that relatively warmer temperature increases crop output by lengthening the growing season and by making uplands cultivable, and vice versa.
F. P. Braudel and F. Spooner, "Prices in Europe from 1450 to 1750," The Cambridge Economic History of Europe , vol. 4, ed. E. E. Rich and C. H. Wilson (Cambridge, 1967), pp. 378–486.  All price data come from the First Historical Archives in Beijing and the National Palace Museum in Taibei. 30 taels per shi ) is apparently unreliable. Because Guangdong had become the province with the severest shortage in food supply, the Guangzhou price should be at least as high as the Quanzhou price. The 1909 price for Tianjin is unavailable; instead I give the price of top-grade rice in Beijing for the same year.
In recent times deforestation in the mountains has accelerated the silting process. The control of these rivers requires intensive dredging, diking, and other engineering efforts. 1. Zhili Province in the Qing Period. Adapted from the end-map in Qingdai Haihe Luanhe honglao dang'an shiliao (Beijing, 1981). ― 72 ― their tendency to waterlog the soil, particularly given the flat, even concave, topography of the land in their lower reaches. The uneven pattern of rainfall in North China further contributes to the danger of flooding.
Chinese History in Economic Perspective (Studies on China) by Thomas G. Rawski, Lillian M. Li