Download e-book for kindle: Comment on écrit l'histoire: Essai d'épistémologie by Paul Veyne

By Paul Veyne

ISBN-10: 2021126560

ISBN-13: 9782021126563

Qu’est-ce que l’histoire ? que font réellement les historiens, de Homère à Max Weber, une fois qu’ils sont sortis de leurs files et files et qu’ils procèdent à une « synthèse » ? Font-ils l’étude scientifique des diverses créations et activités des hommes d’autrefois ? Leur technology est-elle celle de l’homme en société ?Bien moins que cela ; l. a. réponse à los angeles query n’a pas changé depuis deux mille deux cents ans que les successeurs d’Aristote l’ont trouvée : les historiens racontent des événements vrais qui ont l’homme pour acteur. L’histoire est un roman vrai.

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Besides its greater certitude and completeness, biology trumps astronomy also thanks to its greater nearness to us humans. 35 Psychology, too, is grounded in biology, for the soul is the principle of animal life, and so Aristotle can claim that it belongs to physics. The greatest part, if not all, of the affects refer to the complex of body and soul, and thus both physicist and dialectician can approach a phenomenon like anger. 36 For those who became familiar with it, the Aristotelian systematization of knowledge remained more or less convincing up to the seventeenth century.

43 Although alluding to the tree of Genesis 3:17 and influenced by the dichotomic subdivision of reality in the famous arbor porphyriana, it is, as far as I can see, the first attempt to use the tree metaphor for encyclopedic purposes. However, Llull does not really present, as later authors will do, a tree branching out into various disciplines. On the contrary, despite the two singulars in the title, Llull’s book in reality deals with a small forest, namely, sixteen trees, fourteen of which stand for different objects and the corresponding sciences.

The discovery of incommensurable magnitudes by a rigorous indirect proof, no later than 450 bc, lifted mathematics from a useful tool helping to solve practical problems, known also to other cultures, to the level of an autonomous science, which at the same time was used for understanding features of the physical world. 8 It is not clear whether Parmenides’s epistemological and ontological revolution had anything to do with mathematics (it is only his pupil Zeno who obviously struggles with the problem of the continuum and the issue of applying mathematics to the empirical world); but there is little doubt that Parmenides discovered that a metaphysical principle connected with the law of noncontradiction has a different epistemic status than the explanation of nature, which is categorized as δo´ξα or opinion.

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Comment on écrit l'histoire: Essai d'épistémologie by Paul Veyne

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