By Ronald H. Chilcote
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Additional resources for Comparative Inquiry In Politics And Political Economy: Theories And Issues
Or you may live in a city in which different neighborhoods have their own particular problems. One neighborhood might be concerned about crime, and another more concerned with the quality of schools, but a city council elected by at-large voting might not be responsive to these different neighborhood needs. This situation might lead you to prioritize a voting system that assures council representation for all geographical areas in a city. Prioritizing electoral problems is clearly a task that you could do by yourself, but, as with the previous exercise, more can be gained from doing it with a group of people.
It is argued that these majorities are more stable than multiparty coalitions and so this system creates more political stability and makes it much easier to pass policies efficiently. Critics argue, however, that single-party majorities are often not monolithic and in fact are themselves coalitions of various political groups. Moreover, given the weak party discipline in the United States, these coalitions sometimes break down, thus making it more difficult to pass legislation. In the early 1990s, for instance, conservative Democrats in Congress would sometimes bolt the party to vote with Republicans to block Democratic legislation.
One beneficial result of this is a ballot in which voters are given a simple and clear-cut choice between the two major party candidates. Single-Party Legislative Majorities One result of a two-party system is the likelihood that one party will win the majority of seats in the legislature. In contrast, proportional representation voting systems usually produce coalition governments, where several parties combine their seats to form a ruling majority. Several political advantages are associated with single-party majorities.
Comparative Inquiry In Politics And Political Economy: Theories And Issues by Ronald H. Chilcote